Worldwide approximately one-third of males are circumcised by adulthood [World Health Organization, 2008a], most of these having been done during childhood, either soon after birth or prior to puberty [Williams & Kapila, 1993]. 90% in in the majority white population of males [O'Brien et al., 1995].About 90% of their circumcisions had been carried out neonatally.Rate rose continuously from 40% for men born in 1920 through to 60% for men born in 1960 and then declined to 43% for men born in 1980 [Mor et al., 2007].The decline was apparent in all racial group It should be noted that the San Francisco Bay Area is the heartland of the anti-circumcision movement, being where it started and where its leadership and main activists reside.Boys aged 11 to 18 in Chongqing 17% [Yang et al., 2009].Four regions of China, 2.7% amongst boys aged 3-23 [Ben et al., 2008]. Pacific Islands in general: High (most between 6 and 10 years of age) [Afsari et al., 2002].
Whereas it was 80%, 50% and 34% in Whites, Blacks and Hispanics, respectively, in the 1940s (overall 71%), for those born in the 1970s it had risen to 94%, 91% and 57% in Whites, Blacks and Hispanics, respectively (overall 91%).For American Indians or Alaskan Natives it was 76%.Another study, of men who have sex with men (MSM), in New York City, Philadelphia and Los Angeles, found 74% of Black and 33% of Latino men were circumcised [Millett et al., 2007].A representative, nation-wide survey of all states (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004, survey) published in 2007 by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) found that the overall rate in the USA was 79%, with rate varying by race and ethnicity, being 88% in non-Hispanic whites, 73% in blacks, 42% in Mexican-Americans and 50% in others [Xu et al., 2007].In New York City NYC HANES data show circumcision rate to be 74.5% in US born men and 36.8% in men born elsewhere [Mc Kinney et al., 2008].
South Korea: 90-95% (at age 18, the average age for circumcision being 12 years) [Pang & Kim, 2002; Gopal, 2009].